Mobile Large Animal Veterinarian in Longs, South Carolina

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Name:  Equine Odontoclastic Tooth Resorption and Hypercementosis (EOTRH)

Species:  Equine (although cats and humans get a similar disease)

Age:  Usually senior horses, age 20 and older

Breed/Sex Predilection:  None

What is it?  Resorption (or "eating away") of the roots of the teeth by the body. Hypercementosis is when the body lies down new bone where it is not normally present, forming sometimes very large "balls" at the base of the roots. This disease is most common in the incisors, but also occurs in the canines and cheek teeth. It is considered to be variably painful, depending on its stage.

Cause:  Unknown

Diagnosis:  Based on clinical appearance, pain level, radiographic changes. Teeth may...

Name:  Deer Worm, or Meningeal Worm, or Moose Sickness

Species:  Goats, sheep, llamas, alpacas, camels, moose, and some exotic hoofstock. There is no age or breed predilection. However, disease is generally more severe in camelids and moose than other species.

Age:  Any age

Breed/Sex Predilection:  None

What is it?  Infection with deer worm is a parasitic disease that causes severe central nervous system inflammation. It usually occurs in the Fall and early Winter in the Southeast.

Cause:  The parasitic nematode worm Paraelpahastrogylus tenuis, better know as the “deer worm.” It is carried by White Tailed Deer.

Diagnosis:  Animals lose their ability to walk and stand normally. Often times, the ani...

Name:  Laminitis or "Founder"

Species:  Equine

Age:  Any age, but more common in older horses (chronic laminitis)

Breed/Sex Predilection:  Ponies are at a greater risk.

What is it?  Inflammation of the laminae, which are the connections that suspend the coffin bone within the hoof. As the disease progresses, the coffin bone may begin to rotate or sink within the hoof and can even protrude through the sole. Laminitis can be acute or chronic and clinical or subclinical. Subclinical episodes are not evident to the owner, although laminitis is occurring on the cellular level. These episodes can be recognized in abnormal "laminitic lines" in the hoof several months after the episode.

Cause:  Metabolic...

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